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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 184-190

Pharmacognostic & Phyto-chemical study of Ikshu root (Saccharum officinarum Linn.)

1 Assistant professor dept. of dravyguna, Ashwin Rural Ayurved College, Manchi hill, Sangamner, India
2 Prof, Ashwin Rural Ayurved College, Manchi hill, Sangamner, India
3 Assistant professor, Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, MGACH & RC, Salod (H), Wardha (MH), India

Correspondence Address:
Dattatrey Katkar
Assistant professor dept. of dravyguna, Ashwin Rural Ayurved College, Manchi hill, Sangamner
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Ikshu Mool (root of Saccharum officinarum Linn.) is one of the easily available medicine mentioned as diuretic in Ayurvedic literature. Pharmacognostic and phytochemical studies of Ikshu Mool has not been done yet, hence this study was undertaken to find out pharmacognostic nature and phytoconstitute of Ikshu Mool. Phytochemical study showed presence of steroids, alkaloids, reducing sugar, absence of proteins, monosaccharides and pentose sugar in both alcohol and water-soluble extracts. Hexose sugar, phenolic compounds and tanines were found only in alcohol soluble extractives.In HPTLC the ingredients separated in aqueous extract were more in number than alcohol soluble extract because of high extractive value in water. Pharcognostic study showed various structures in Ikshu root such as epidermis hypodermal layer, epidermal cells, vascular bundles, metaxylem elements, protoxylem elements, fibres etc. Analytical study showed moisture content (11.63%), total ash (9.67%), acid soluble ash (7.58%) & insoluble ash (2.09%), water soluble (6.88%) & insoluble ash (2.79%),Sulphated Ash value(7.58% ) within API standards which shows standard quality of the drug. The aqueous & alcohol extractive values were 7.08%, 4.215%, respectively.

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