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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-45

Biotechnological tools in the cultivation of medicinal plants

1 PhD Scholar, IPGT & RA, Jamnagar, India
2 Prof. Dept of Dravyaguna, IPGT & RA, Jamnagar, India

Correspondence Address:
Hetal T Janani
PhD Scholar, IPGT & RA, Jamnagar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Medicinal plants are the most important source of life saving drugs for the majority of the world's population. The world health organisation gives the estimate that up to 80% of the world's population relies on medicinal plants. The demand for medicinal plants is rising in the industrialized world. Heavy demand of such plants has threatened some species and put them to the level of extinction. 70 percent of plant collections involve destructive harvesting. Such unscrupulous collection of these plants by local unskilled people endangers the existence of several medicinal plants. To overcome the problems of over exploitation of natural resources, emphasis should be given to encourage commercial cultivation using modern biotechnological tools. The biotechnological tools are important to select, multiply and conserve the critical genotypes of medicinal plants. In this paper various biotechnological tools used and the merits and demerits of genetically modified varieties of medicinal plants will be discussed.

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