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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67-71

Pharmacognostic and physico-chemical study of Shalaparni (Desmodium gangeticum DC.)root

1 Asst. Prof. Dept. of Dravyaguna, MGACHRC, Wardha, India
2 Asst. Prof. Department of Kayachikitsa, Ayurveda College, Pusad, India
3 Asso. Prof. Dept. of Dravyaguna, NIA, Jaipur, India
4 Asst. Prof. Department of Agadatantra, MGACHRC, Wardha, India

Correspondence Address:
Nitesh Shambharkar
Asst. Prof. Dept. of Dravyaguna, MGACHRC, Wardha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Shalaparni (Desmodium gangeticum DC.) is mentioned in Ayurveda belongs to Fabaceae family and is one of the most frequently used herb in Ayurveda. However detail scientific data on Shalaparni root is not available yet, hence present study was undertaken to lay down pharmacognostical and phytochemical standards for Shalaparni roots. Root system of Shalaparni consists of poorly developed tap root. T.S. of mature root shows cork, 3-7 layers of thin-walled, tangentially elongated cells, having a few prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate; cork cambium single layered. Phytochemical screening showed the presence of carbohydrate, protein, saponin, alkaloid, glycosoid and reducing sugar. Moisture content in root of Shalaparni was found to be 6.17%. Total Ash value was 5.16% and Acid insoluble value was 0.8%. Extractive value was 2.00% and 6.04% of alcoholic and aqueous extract respectively. The results of the study can serve as a valuable source of pharmacognostic information as suitable standards for identification.

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