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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-40

Prevalence of Sthoulya (obesity) and Karshya (underweight) in medical students with special reference to body mass index: An observational study

1 Intern, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Kayachikitsa, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Centre, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (DU), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Aditya Manohar Tiwari
Intern, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Centre, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (DU), Wardha, Maharashtra.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JISM.JISM_1_20

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Background: Body mass index (BMI) is used for defining anthropometric weight/height characteristics in adults and for classifying (categorizing) them into groups. The common interpretation is that it represents an index of an individual’s physical health. It is also widely used as a risk factor for the development of or the prevalence of several health issues. Aims: The aim of this work was to study the BMI of college students of age group 18-25 years in Ayurveda College; a screening of underweight, overweight, normalcy, and obesity was carried out according to the “Body Mass Index cutoff.”Materials and Methods: BMI was calculated in hundred participants using the weight and height of the each student. They were categorized based on BMI cutoff according to Asian criteria for classification. Two groups were formed as overweight and underweight and separate questions were asked. Observation and Results: It represents that 38% participants have underweight BMI, whereas 34% participants are having normal BMI, 12% participants are overweight, 13% are pre-obese, and 3% are of type 1 obese. The screening of underweight rate is comparatively low in men. The overweight rate and underweight rate show a gender difference with the former favors male group and the latter favors female group. Conclusion: Underweight (Karshya) and obesity (Sthoulya) are very prevalent among medical students, which is quite alarming considering their role as future physicians. Hence, the study reinforces the need to make them aware about maintaining healthy lifestyle, healthy balanced diet, proper eating habits, stress management, and a physically active daily routine targeting the students at the beginning of their college career to prevent the risks of developing chronic degenerative diseases.

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