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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 155-161

Critical review on pharmacological uses of Gunja (Abrus precatorious)

1 Department of Rasashastra, Smt Vimladevi Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Rasashastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurveda College Hospital & Research Centre, Salod (H), Wardha (MS), Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Dravyaguna, Smt Vimladevi Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Chandrapur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bharat Rathi
Department of Rasashastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurveda College Hospital & Research Centre, Salod (H), Wardha (MS) 442001, Maharashtra.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JISM.JISM_60_20

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Abrus precatorious is a herb mentioned in Samhita and other Ayurveda texts commonly known as Indian liquorious. In Samhita, it is mentioned under Sthavara Visha (inanimate poisons) and in the texts of Rasashastra it is classified under Upavishas (semipoisonous drug). The word Upavisha (semi-poisonous drug) means nearer to Visha (poison), that is, drugs which possess the same qualities of poison, but not equally potent. Although a number of formulations are developed to treat various diseases, still further information concerning to A. precatorius needs to be reorganized. Hence, this work has been planned to study the pharmacological aspect of A. precatorius through literature review. Relevant references were searched, to collect information about A. precatorius through thirteen classical texts. All the references were reviewed, compiled, analyzed, and discussed thoroughly for in-depth understanding of pharmacological aspect of A. precatorious Abrus precatorious is recognized with various synonyms. In various Ayurveda texts, about 30 synonyms are found for Shweta (white) A. precatorious 32 synonyms for Rakta (red) A. precatorius and 8 synonyms for Krishna (black) A. precatorius. Three varieties of A. precatorius are described in Ayurveda texts. Abrus precatorious shows therapeutic effects such as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antispasmodic, antiantifungal, antitumor, antidiabetic, and antimigraine. It is also effectively used in treating wounds, ulcers, throat scratches, hair problems, and sores. Abrus precatorious is used in the formulations after proper purification can show wonderful results in various disease conditions.

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