|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 145-149
A case study on management of Shushka Vicharchika (Eczema) through Shamana Chikitsa (palliative ayurveda treatment)
Uttamram Yadav, Santosh Kumar Bhatted, Kavita Sain
Department of Panchakarma, All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, India
|Date of Submission||30-Aug-2020|
|Date of Decision||01-Oct-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||15-Oct-2020|
|Date of Web Publication||28-Jun-2021|
Dr. Uttamram Yadav
Department of Panchakarma, All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Eczema is a common, and at times challenging, condition to manage, and it is caused by a defect in skin barrier function; it is treated with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants in conventional medicine with periods of remission and flare-ups, which adversely affects the quality of life of patients and their families. Ayurveda classics have mentioned curative and safely management in the condition of Vicharchika (~Eczema). In this particular case of Shushka Vicharchika, oral Ayurveda drugs such as Mahamanjisthadi Kwatha, Panchanimba Churna, Gandhaka Rasayana, and Agasthya Rasayana (Ayurveda formulations) ere given for a period of two months. The assessment was done on the 0th day, 58th day, 98th day, and 123rd day; the criteria were EASI score and signs and symptoms of Shushka Vicharchika. The outcomes on EASI score per body region was found to be highly significant [BT(0th day)–4.5 AT3(123th day)-0.1] and improvement in cardinal sign and symptoms, total score was 8 on before treatment (0th day) which was reduced to 0 on 123rd day after the treatment. This study shows that oral administration of Shamana Chikitsa (Palliative Ayurveda treatment) is highly effective in the management of eczema, as evidenced by the reduction in EASI score assessed on the basis of improvement in both signs and symptoms.
Keywords: Bio-cleansing, Mahamanjishthadi Kwatha, Nitya Virechana, Vicharchika
|How to cite this article:|
Yadav U, Bhatted SK, Sain K. A case study on management of Shushka Vicharchika (Eczema) through Shamana Chikitsa (palliative ayurveda treatment). J Indian Sys Medicine 2021;9:145-9
|How to cite this URL:|
Yadav U, Bhatted SK, Sain K. A case study on management of Shushka Vicharchika (Eczema) through Shamana Chikitsa (palliative ayurveda treatment). J Indian Sys Medicine [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jan 23];9:145-9. Available from: https://www.joinsysmed.com/text.asp?2021/9/2/145/319468
| Introduction|| |
Eczema (dermatitis) is the most common painful allergic condition among skin disorders. Acutely, epidermal edema (spongiosis) and intraepidermal vesiculation predominate, whereas with chronicity there is more epidermal thickening (acanthosis). The clinical presentation of eczema in similar to that of Shushka Vicharchika described in Ayurveda. Ayurveda describes a wide range of skin disorders such as “Kushtha” and is classified into two divisions, that is Mahakushtha and Kshudrakushtha. Vicharchika is enlisted under Kshudrakushtha. All types of Kushtha occur due to Tridoshaprakopa (involving vitiation of these biohumors) and Raktadushti (~blood impurities); hence, Shushka Vicharchika is also a vitiation of Tridosha in general and Kapha in particular described by Acharya Charaka and Acharya Sushruta has mentioned it under Pitta dominancy, which comes under Raktapradoshaja Vikara (disorder occurring due to vitiation of blood). Modern medical science treats eczema with systemic steroids and other therapeutics to give symptomatic relief. The use of steroids suppresses eczema, but it incurs significant costs in terms of severe long-term toxicity, including osteoporosis, skin fragility, susceptibility to infection, and pituitary–adrenal axis suppression. Thus, Anulomana (~induced purgation) and Rasayana (~rejuvenative) are safely indicated in a disease developed due to vitiating Pitta, Kaphadosha and Raktadushti. Hence, this study was aimed at assessing the efficacy of Nitya Virechana (~mild purgation) with Mahamanjishthadi kwatha along with Rasayana in the management of Shushka Vicharchika.
| Case Information|| |
A 19-year-old male, name xyz, UHID 422709, presented to the OPD of Panchakarma on 26 October 2019, with chief complaints of pruritus, reddish-black eruption, dryness, and burning sensation in the neck and both elbow joints since 16 years; associated complaints of sneezing, lacrimation in both eyes since 16 years; and breathlessness on/ off since 1 year.
H/O present illness
The patient was asymptomatic 16 years ago when he gradually developed a reddish-black color eruption on the posterior region of the neck, which gradually spread to the elbow and knuckles. He took allopathic medicines but could not find much relief; it was then that he came to the OPD of Panchakarma.
The patient was regularly taking allopathy medicines such as antibiotics and antihistamines along with tropical application of antifungal ointment since 2 years.
| Clinical Findings|| |
General condition: moderate, afebrile
Pulse rate: 76/min
BP: 120/80 mm of hg
Respiration rate: 18/min
Site of eruption: posterior aspect of neck and ears, and dorsal aspect of knuckles
Margin: irregular and well-demarcated (neck and both elbow joints)
Surface: dry and thick with no discharge (neck and both elbow joints)
Type of Lesion: non-purulent, non-scaly (neck and both elbow joints)
| Timeline|| |
Details are mentioned in [Table 1].
| Diagnostic Assessment|| |
Assessment criteria, that is, the Eczema Area Severity Index (EASI) scoring scale was used and assessed based on the signs and symptoms of Shushka Vicharchika, which were Kandu (pruritus), Pidika (eruption), Vaivarnya (discoloration), Daha (burning), and Rukshata (dryness), the details of which are mentioned in [Table 2]. Area of involvement: Each body region has potentially 100% involvement. The details of score from 0 to 6 are mentioned in [Table 2].
| Therapeutic Intervention|| |
Oral Ayurveda medicines were given for a period of 2 months. The details are mentioned in [Table 3].
| Follow-Up and Outcome|| |
Follow-up was done on the 58th day, 95th day, and 123rd day. The intervention showed significant result in terms of reduction in the EASI scoring scale, which was BT – 4.5 reduced to AT1 – 1.1, AT2 – 0.8, and AT3 – 0.1, EASI score detail was mentioned in [Table 3][Table 4][Table 5][Table 6] and [Graph 1]. The patient showed improvement in cardinal signs and symptoms [Video 1]. The composite score of cardinal signs and symptoms of Shushka Vicharchika was 8 before treatment, which was reduced to 2 on AT1, and then declined to 1 on AT2; the 123rd-day score was zero. All these details are mentioned in [Table 5][Table 6][Table 7][Table 8][Table 9].
| Discussion|| |
In this case, the EASI scoring scale was used for the assessment of improvement in eczema. The EASI scoring scale was found to be highly significant [BT(0thday)–4.5 AT3(123day)-0.1] and it showed reduction in cardinal signs and symptoms of Shushka Vicharchika, which was 8 before treatment and declined to zero on the 123rd day of treatment. Vitiated Pittadosha due to changed food habits (junk and fast food), and disturbed sleep pattern (day sleeping and awakening of the night) in children led to vitiating Tridosha, in general, and Pitta, in particular, to hyperresponsiveness in skin, bronchioles, eyes, and nose, which led to eczema in this study. Legion of skin disorders affected the epidermis and dermis, lymphatic channel, blood circulation around the legion, and muscles around the legion, which indicates the involvement of Pitta and Rakta. Here in this case, treatment was planned for Nitya Shodhana (~bio-cleansing), Pitta-Kapha Shamaka, Rakta Prasadhana (~blood purifying), Rasayana (~rejuvenation), and Nidana Parivarjana to break etiopathogenesis (Sampraptivightana) and bring back state homeostasis. Mahamanjisthadi Kwatha was used here, as it has bio-cleansing property due to the ingredients Manjistha, Vidanga, Triphala, Kushtha, Katuka, Trayamana, Trivrit, and Indravaruni, which are Laghu, Ushna, and Teekshna, and it has Rechana (~purgative) action. Bio-cleansing, which is indicated in all types of skin disorder, acts as mild and slow bio-cleansing of the body, and act on the level of Agni (~digestive fire) and Pitta, which removes vitiated Bhrajaka Pitta, subsides hyperresponsiveness of the body, and restores digestive fire and other related constituents. Panchanimba Churna, Laghu, Ruksha in Guna (property), Tikta in Rasa, which act as Pitta-Kapha Shamaka and also act as blood purifier that is why it is commonly used in skin disorder.Gandhaka rasayana, which is Deepana (~appetizers), Pachana (~carminatives), rejuvenation, Shoshana (~absorption), Vishaghna (~anti-poisonous), Krimighna (~anti-helminthic), Pleehagna (~useful in splenomegaly), Balya (~strength promoting activity), and Aamdoshanashak (~useful in digestive fire), is specifically indicated in Kushtha (~psoriasis), Kandu (~itchiness), Visarpa (~herpes zoster), Jwara (~fever), Kasa (~cough), Shwasa (~asthma), Dadru (~fungal infection), Kshaya (~emaciation), Amajeerna (~useful in indigestion), and Garavisha (~concocted poison) due to it being Madhura, Katu, Tikta, Kashyarasa, Sara, Snigdhaguna, and Kapha-Vatahara in nature and its pharmacodynamic action.Agasthya Rasayana was given to the patient for whom it was specifically indicated, as he had associated complaints of breathlessness, sneezing, and lacrimation in both eyes.
| Conclusion|| |
The management of eczema can be done on the line of treatment of Vicharchika. Eczema is a Tridoshajavyadhi having dominance of Pitta and Kapha. Bio-cleansing, Kapha-pittashamaka, and blood-purifying treatment are advised in eczema. Ayurveda medicine shows significant results in the EASI scoring scale (BT-4.5 AT-0.1) and improvement in the cardinal signs and symptoms of Shushka Vicharchika (BT-8 AT-0) in the management of eczema. There was no adverse drug reaction seen during the period of intervention. Lead may be taken from this case study to carry out further studies with a larger sample size.
I have been suffering from eczema since 2003 and I visited many allopathic hospitals in Delhi for curative treatment but not got relief, I came to the All India Institute of Ayurveda hospital and took treatment as advised. Now I am not taking any medicine and am absolutely normal.
An appropriate patient consent form was obtained before starting the treatment.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflict of interest
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[Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4], [Table 5], [Table 6], [Table 7], [Table 8], [Table 9]