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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 40-48

Importance of Ghrita (clarified butter) as an antitoxic medicine in Visha Chikitsa

1 Sri Sai Ayurvedic PG Medical College, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 P.G. Department of Agad Tantra, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Seema Yadav
Department of Agad Tantra, Sri Sai Ayurvedic PG Medical College, Aligarh 202001, Uttar Pradesh.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JISM.JISM_61_21

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Background: Ghrita (clarified butter), which is being used as a medicine or as an adjuvant in various Agad formulations for the treatment of different poisoning conditions such as animate and inanimate poisons and for establishing its action with a contemporary view. Settings and Design: The review method adopted was a critical review in which classical and contemporary literature was extensively researched and critically evaluated. The conceptual contribution of Ayurveda science in the field of toxicology has been symbolized. Methods and Materials: The classical texts, mainly Charaka, Sushruta, Ashtanga Samgraha, and Ashtang Hridaya, were researched along with their commentaries in Sanskrit as well as Hindi. All collected matter of various research articles were searched and scrutinized for discussion, and an effort is made to exert some productive conclusions. Results and Conclusions: Ghrita used with various formulations plays an important role in Visha Chikitsa because of its Vishaghna (antipoisonous), use in skin disease, cardioprotective, and blood-purifying properties. It is used as an antidote having an antipoisonous property either as medicine or as an adjuvant by various routes such as oral, local application and Nasya, Anjana (corrylium). Ghrita is not only used in all kinds of poison, but it is also used in all states of poisoning. Different therapeutic measures such as Santrasan (mild purgation), Pralepa (external application of paste on skin), Bhojya (food), and Aushdh (drugs) should not be utilized without adding Ghrita for the management of different poisoning conditions.

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