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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57-61

Biomedical waste management in Panchakarma practice: Present scenario and scope

Department of Panchakarma, AIIA, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Diksha N Kabra
Department of Panchakarma, AIIA, New Delhi 110076.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JISM.JISM_36_21

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Ayurveda is a traditional medical system of India. In Ayurveda, Panchakarma (fivefold detoxification treatment) procedures are designed for internal purification and cleansing. As per the Indian government’s initiative (launched in September 2014), Ayurveda is part of wellness industry. There is a constant rise in the number of Ayurveda clinics, hospitals, wellness centers, and spas in India. The various Panchakarma procedures performed in these hospitals, clinics, wellness centers, and spas generate biomedical wastes (BMW). Metropolitan areas in India bring about 62 million tonnes of wastes annually, and this figure is predicted to rise to 165 million tonnes by 2030. Forty-three million tonnes of the municipal solid waste are collected every year, of which 31 million are disposed of in landfills and only 11.9 million are treated. Pharmaceutical wastes are one among them. Reports from the Indian medicinal plant industries indicate that presently more than 9000 plant industries are registered in India, which produces a huge amount of waste each year. This has created a need in the proper management of waste generated. Here is the description and discussion of categorization, classification, and treatment options for waste generated during Panchakarma procedures in Ayurveda hospitals. Effective and proper management of the BMW is necessary to maintain personal as well as environmental health. The current available techniques for the treatment of waste generated during Panchakarma procedure are sewage drainage, incineration, and landfill. Nothing turns around to be waste until it is being not used further with intelligence. The natural cycles of life taught us the same through science: utilizing of three Rs of ideal waste management. While further advancement can include the use of phytoremediation, composting, vermicomposting, biofiltration, bioaugmentation and use of solar energy in waste management.

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